ADMIRAL FRANKLIN BUCHANAN  
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Admiral Franklin Buchanan, Confederate States Navy (1800-1874)

Reprinted from the United States Navy Achieves Web Site


Lieutenant
Franklin Buchanan 1824


Captain
Franklin Buchanan 1860

Franklin Buchanan was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on 13 September 1800. He became a U.S. Navy Midshipman in 1815, was promoted to Lieutenant in 1825, to Commander in 1841 and to Captain in 1855. Over the four and a half decades of his U.S. Navy service, Buchanan had extensive and worldwide sea duty. He commanded the sloops of war Vincennes and Germantown during the 1840s and the steam frigate Susquehanna in the Perry expedition to Japan during the 1850s. In 1845-47, he served as the first Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy, followed by notable Mexican War service. In 1859-61, Captain Buchanan was the Commandant of the Washington Navy Yard.

Believing that his native state would soon leave the Union, Buchanan resigned his commission in April 1862. When Maryland did not secede, he tried to withdraw the resignation. Rebuffed by the Navy Department, which dismissed him from the service in May, he joined the Confederate States Navy, receiving a Captain's commission in September 1861. After heading the CSN's Office of Orders and Detail, Buchanan was placed in command of the defenses of the James River, Virginia. He led the pioneer ironclad Virginia in her successful attack on the Federal warships Cumberland and Congress in Hampton Roads on 8 March 1862, but was wounded in the action and had to leave the ship before her battle with USS Monitor on the following day.

CSS VIRGINIA attacks USS MONITOR

CSS TENNESSEE
CSS VIRGINIA at Sea CSS VIRGINIA being Armored

In August 1862, Buchanan was promoted to the rank of Admiral and sent to command Confederate Navy forces on Mobile Bay, Alabama. He oversaw the construction of the ironclad CSS Tennessee and was on board her during her gallant battle with Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut's Union fleet on 5 August 1864. Wounded and taken prisoner, Admiral Buchanan was not exchanged until February 1865. He was on convalescent leave until the Civil War ended a few months later. Following the conflict, Buchanan lived in Maryland, then was a businessman in Mobile until 1870, when he again took up residence in Maryland. He died there on 11 May 1874.

Three U.S. Navy destroyers have been named in honor of Admiral Franklin Buchanan, including Buchanan (DD-131), Buchanan (DD-484) and Buchanan (DDG-14).

We, the men of The Buchanan Company, are very proud to name our company after such a fine gentleman, sailor, first Superintendent of The United States Naval Academy, historic naval tactician and pioneer of the use of modern naval vessels and the torpedo. He served in a Navy that was first to successfully utilize a submarine (the CSS Hunley), the first to make use of iron clad ships and as small as it was, able to stymie the blockade tactics of a much larger country. The CSS Alabama, CSS Florida, CSS Virginia, CSS Hunley and the CSS Tennessee distinguished themselves smartly during the War Between The States giving The Confederate States Navy a grand and glorious history!

     

Admiral Buchanan was of Scottish stock. The Buchanan tartan has been made into a flag honoring his Scottish ancestry. The badge next to the flag is the Clan Badge of the Buchanan Clan. It depicts a hand holding a bejeweled crown surrounded by laurel branches.

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